A new spirit of hope in Mesa, AZ
Teresa Brice, Executive Director of Phoenix LISC, tells the story of how a historic gateway community in Mesa, Arizona was able to plan a brighter future, with the help of planning and design expertise from Loeb Fellows. The work was made possible through the support of the Harvard Loeb Fellowship Alumni Association Grant Program and sponsored by LISC Phoenix, the ASU Stardust Center and the West Mesa CDC.
A New Spirit of Hope in Washington-Escobedo
14 Jan 2013 - Teresa Brice, Executive Director, Phoenix LISC
The Washington-Escobedo neighborhood, in Mesa, AZ, has a storied past going back to the early 1900s. Historically, the area had been identified with the African American community in Mesa. At the heart of the neighborhood are the Escobedo Apartments which date from the 1940s and served as housing for servicemen and their families during World War II. Young mothers shared recipes as their children played in the tidy green yards. Schoolchildren could walk to their neighborhood school in laughing groups. Generations of families came together in the streets for countless celebrations. The neighborhood bloomed into a vibrant community. Following the war the Escobedo Apartments became public housing run by the City of Mesa; after federal subsidies expired in the 1980s the project gradually fell into disrepair, mirroring the decline of the neighborhood. The once thriving neighborhood began to wither away.
New Hispanic families, however, began to move in during the 1990s. The small but determined community had roots deep enough to flourish. They were led by Jerry Boyd, a black city councilman who vowed to change the neighborhood. Things started to improve, a new life seemed possible. Once again, the sound of chattering children filled the yards and the smell of family barbecues filled the air. But, as happens sometimes, when the community does not take charge of leadership it cannot be sustained. The change lost momentum when Boyd passed away, and Washington-Escobedo once again fell into disarray and was forgotten like so many urban neighborhoods across America. Time passed; the stillness and decay crept across the once vibrant streets and history echoed against neglected corners.
The historic significance of Washington- Escobedo made it the perfect investment for Loeb Fellows’ time and expertise to help the community plan a brighter future through design. For four days in May 2011, over 100 residents; planning, design and development professionals; city officials; non-profit representatives and business stakeholders huddled in Mesa for a community design and planning charrette. Six Loeb Fellows of different vintages and a wide spectrum of expertise came from across the country to assist the Washington-Escobedo residents to re-envision their neighborhood and the adjacent 30 vacant acres of city land. Neil Morris (LF 2010) arrived from New Orleans, Roger Cummings (LF 2009) from Minneapolis and Etty Padmodipoetro (LF 2006) from Boston to offer their support. Carlos Romero (LF 2005) flew in from East Palo Alto and Mike Pyatok (LF 1984) from Oakland. Teresa Brice (LF 2006), based in Mesa, coordinated.
The charrette was the culmination of a series of intense meetings held with resident groups, advocates and other stakeholders to discuss their needs, desires and dreams. The gatherings were facilitated by the Phoenix office of Local Initiatives Support Corporation, the Arizona State University Stardust Center and the West Mesa Community Development Corporation. The problems addressed by the charrette stemmed from the stigmatization of this area, initially due to its segregated status and by the physical deterioration and blight that has occurred over time. Attempts by the City of Mesa to redevelop the area led to displacement of long-time residents, vacant properties and expanded arterial roads that effectively isolated the neighborhood. After decades of unfulfilled promises, residents regarded the City with distrust and were suspicious of proposed changes. Demographic shifts in the neighborhood compounded the lack of cohesion and made a unified vision for the future difficult to achieve.
The Loeb Fellows provided the community with the tools to articulate a vision and turn ideas into actual designs and feasibility plans. The residents’ concerns fell into three main categories: a) the lack of recent investment which has jeopardized the viability of the neighborhoods, b) the need for a healthy, safe and walkable environment and c) the lack of meaningful local job, educational and entertainment opportunities. Three major concepts emerged from the Washington-Escobedo community design charrette: health and wellness, tourism and physical activity, and education, incorporating higher educational facilities and training centers. These concepts represented the essence of the preliminary community meetings. Continued[+]...
> Read the full LOEBlog post on the Harvard University Graduate School of Design website.
> Visit the LISC Phoenix website.
Article Type: Blog Post